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New Year’ s Eve, Greek traditions.

Categories: Christmas
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New Year' s Eve, Greek traditions.Santa Claus is an international folkloric figure that distributes gifts to children and adults, without any exception. It is a sovereign person of the celebration of New Year and Christmas.
For Orthodox Christians, the Santa Claus is Saint Basil the Great, who lived in Cappadocia and who devoted almost his entire life to helping his fellow man. He is considered as the initiator and first creator of organized philanthropy. According to tradition, St. Basil was lanky, with black eyes and beard. He died the 31st of December 378. On January 1st, 379, the day of his funeral, maintained the tradition that brings blessing and good luck in the New Year.
In the West, the face of Santa Claus has been identified with the history of St. Nicholas, famous for his generosity.

 

On the day the New Year’s Day, the day of St. Basil’s feast the host of the house cuts and splits a cake, called Vasilopita. Inside the cake there is a coin. Whoever finds the coin in his piece, will have good luck all year.

 

New Year' s Eve, Greek traditions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Year’s Eve carols

First of the month and first of the year
My tall rosemary
Let our good year begin
Church with the holy throne

It is the beginning when Christ
Holy and spiritual
Will walk on earth
And cheer us up

St. Basil is on his way
And will not deign on us
From Kesaria
You’re a Lady milady.

 

Χάος Chaos Greek short movie

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Διδακτική αξιοποίηση βίντεο για την διδασκαλία της ελληνικής ως δεύτερης/ξένης

Ταινία μικρού μήκους Χάος .

Από την φιλόλογο Μαρία Νάλκου . Επιμέλεια Alexandria Institute.

 

 

άος

Επίπεδο: Β1

Στόχος: Η εξάσκηση στον πληθυντικό ουσιαστικών και ρημάτων

Διδακτικό πλαίσιο: Ο μαθητής μπορεί να παρακολουθήσει το πρώτο μέρος της ταινίας. Στην άσκηση βρίσκεται ένα μεγάλο μέρος του διαλόγου, που μπορεί να το διαβάσει, πριν παρακολουθήσει το βίντεο. Στη συνέχεια ζητάμε να μεταφέρουν τις προτάσεις του διαλόγου στον πληθυντικό, όπως ζητάται στην άσκηση.

Επίπεδο: Γ

Στόχος: Απόκτηση νέου λεξιλογίου

Διδακτικό πλαίσιο: Μπορεί να γίνει πρώτα η ανάγνωση του κειμένου και η εξομάλυνση του λεξιλογίου. Οι ερωτήσεις κατανόησης σκοπεύουν να βοηθήσουν στην κατανόηση του κειμένου και με τις υπόλοιπες ασκήσεις μπορεί να γίνει εξοικείωση με το λεξιλόγιο της ταινίας. Τέλος, μπορεί να προβληθεί η ταινία, ώστε να μπορέσουν να την παρακολουθήσουν οι μαθητές, γνωρίζοντας ένα μεγάλο μέρος του λεξιλογίου.

 

Διαβάστε το κείμενο και απαντήστε στις ερωτήσεις
– Σας αρέσει να υπακούτε στους κανονισμούς, έτσι; – Μα, οι κανονισμοί είναι για να τηρούν την τάξη. Χωρίς αυτούς θα επικρατούσε κυκεώνας. – Να σας κάνω μια πρόταση; Να ανταλλάξουμε εισιτήρια. Να καθίσετε εσείς στη δική μου θέση κι εγώ στη δική σας. Τα εισιτήρια δεν έχουν όνομα από πίσω, οπότε δε θα έχουμε παραβεί κανέναν κανονισμό. – Μα γιατί; – Δε μ’ αρέσει να κάθομαι αντίθετα στη φορά του τρένου. – Η θέση μου όμως είναι στο 39. Κι αν το βαγόνι ήταν γεμάτο, αυτή η ανόητη συζήτηση δε θα είχε κανένα νόημα. Γιατί τα άτομα παραβαίνουν τους νόμους, τους κανονισμούς, κάθε φορά που οι συνθήκες το ευνοούν; Εμένα μου ορίστηκε να καθίσω στη θέση 39, εδώ θα καθίσω λοιπόν. – Αυτό σημαίνει ότι ταυτίζετε τους κανονισμούς με τη μοίρα, ε; – Με τι πράγμα; – Με τη μοίρα. Το πεπρωμένο. Οι κανονισμοί αποκλείουν την ελεύθερη ροή των γεγονότων ή των τυχαίων συμβάντων. Του χάους. Αποτελούν έτσι μια εκδήλωση της μοίρας. Η φωνή του πεπρωμένου… – Δε σας αντιλαμβάνομαι. – Λέμε το ίδιο πράγμα αλλά με διαφορετικά λόγια. Εσείς λέτε “τάξη”, εγώ λέω “μοίρα”. Εσείς λέτε “κυκεώνας”, εγώ λέω “χάος”. Αλλά η κατάληξη είναι η ίδια. Για σας οι κανονισμοί έχουν θηλυκή προέλευση. Τώρα καταλαβαίνω γιατί τους θεωρείτε απαραβίαστους. – Οι κανόνες είναι κανόνες. Παρατηρήστε την τάξη που επικρατεί στη φύση. Όλα υπακούν σε μια ανώτερη δύναμη. Και διαγράφουν με απόλυτη ακρίβεια καθορισμένες τροχιές. Δείτε τα αστέρια. – Δηλαδή, λέτε εσείς ότι ακόμα κι η πορεία αυτού του καπνού είναι προδιαγεγραμμένη, ε; Κι εγώ σας λέω ότι είναι ασταθής, τυχαία, απρόβλεπτη. Ποιος ξέρει; Υπάρχει η πιθανότητα μέσα σε λίγα χρόνια η πορεία αυτού του καπνού να προκαλέσει μια χιονοθύελλα στην Κένυα! – Θέλετε να πείτε πως ολόκληρο το σύμπαν είναι μια τρελή σύμπτωση; Μου είναι αδιανόητο! Ο Θεός δεν παίζει ζάρια. Άλλωστε, ο κανονισμός απαγορεύει το κάπνισμα εδώ μέσα. – Να σας πω κάτι; Πίσω από κάθε επίφαση τάξης, μπορεί να κρύβεται ένα μυστηριώδες χάος. Και επιπλέον, βαθιά μέσα στο χάος, μια ακόμη πιο μυστηριώδης μορφή τάξης. Δεν ξέρουμε τι θα μας συμβεί την επόμενη στιγμή. Ξέρουμε; – Η τάξη συντελεί στο να περιορίζουμε το απρόβλεπτο, που, τις περισσότερες φορές, είναι μάλλον ανεπιθύμητο. – Ναι, αλλά η αλήθεια έχει πολλές φλούδες. Κι ο άνθρωπος είναι ατελής. Πάντα θα υπάρχει μια φλούδα που θα του διαφεύγει. Μ’ αυτή την έννοια, ναι, το σύμπαν μπορεί να είναι μια τρελή πιθανότητα που πραγματοποιήθηκε. Ναι, ο Θεός μπορεί να παίζει ζάρια. Τέλος πάντων. Να επανέλθω στην προηγούμενή μου πρόταση; Ν’ αλλάξουμε θέσεις; Αλλά ακόμα κι αυτό, απ’ ό,τι βλέπω, θα είναι λαθροχειρία ενάντια στους κανονισμούς. – Ακριβώς, κύριε. Οι κανόνες είναι κανόνες. Τελεία και παύλα! – Όπως αγαπάτε.

Ερωτήσεις

 

  • Τι παρατηρεί ο κύριος που μπαίνει στο τρένο μετά από λίγο;
  • Τι ζητάει από τον πρώτο άντρα;
  • Τι βλέπει ο άντρας πριν φύγει από το βαγόνι;
  • Ποια είναι η άποψη του δεύτερου άντρα για τους κανονισμούς;
  • Τι του προτείνει ο πρώτος; Τι αποφασίζει εκείνος και γιατί;
  • Τι βλέπουμε στην τελευταία σκηνή; Ποια είναι η κατάληξη της επιμονής του κυρίου να τηρεί τους κανονισμούς;

ΑΣΚΗΣΕΙΣ ΓΡΑΜΜΑΤΙΚΗΣ

Άσκηση 1 

Άσκηση 2

Άσκηση 3

 

 

Greek Orthodox Christmas Carols

Categories: Christmas, Christmas, song, Uncategorized
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GOOD EVENING NOBLEMEN

Good evening to you noblemen
And if it is your wish
In praise here at your mansion,
Of Jesus’ birth I’ll sing.

Jesus Christ was born today
in town of Bethlehem
The skies above rejoicing
All nature satisfied.

T’was in a cave that he was born
And in a manger laid
The king of all the skies above
And maker of all things.

Angelic hosts are singing
All glory be to God
And holy be to shepherds
And to their faithfulness.

From Persia are arriving
Three magi with their gifts
The brightest star has led them there
No hour have they delayed.

Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015

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The summer courses of Greek language and Culture, organized by Alexandria Institute for 2015, were successfully completed. Students from all around the world, of different ages and interests, shared their passion and love about Greece and Greek language and culture during our programs.

In particular students from 20 different countries (Italy, UK, Spain, USA, Netherlands, Finland, Switzerland, Turkey, Germany, Ireland, Serbia, Croatia, Israel, Romania, France, Brazil, Poland, Austria, Belgium and and Greece) participated. This summer our courses were held in Andros island, in Chios island and in Methoni. All levels were activated from A1 to C1, as well as the special courses: Ancient Greek language and Greek literature and culture. Our youngest student was 15 years old and the oldest was 76 years old, while in the majority our students were between 25 to 60 years old.

Additionally, nine teachers collaborated and their contribution was very significant for the successful completion of the programs. All together we studied, spoke and wrote in Greek, had several educational activities, visited many interesting places, met local people, tasted the local cuisine but most of all we had a complete educational experience and had fun at the same time. We thank all our students and teachers for their participation and we wish them all the best for the new academic year. Looking forward to meeting you soon in our next programs!!

The schedule of new programs for 2016 is already published. You won’t have to wait till next summer! We have organised courses of two weeks in Athens from the December of 2015 till May 2016  and afterwards we will have a summer full of Greek language courses and cultural experiences in Andros island  in Paros island, in Methoni and in Chios.

 

Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015
Alexandria Institutes’ summer courses 2015

Recipe for Kourampiedes

Categories: Christmas, Christmas
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In Greece, we use to bake for the Christmas a special traditional sweet, which is called kourampies (in the singular) or kourampiedes (in the plural).

Let’s try to bake them together this year!

Recipe for Kourampiedes

Ingredients :

  • 300 grammars concentrated butter
  • 120 grammars almonds
  • ½ teaspoon baking powder
  • 1 pinch vanilla powder
  • 110 grammars powdered sugar+extra for dusting
  • 25 ml black rumor cognac
  • 600 grammars flour for all uses

Spread the almonds on a baking sheet and bake at 160 ° C (in a preheated oven) for eight or ten minutes, so they can take a beautiful gold-brown color. Then we leave them to be cool enough, and then we pound them in the mortar into chunks or we break by pressing them with a rolling pin between two baking sheets.

Beat in mixer with feather the butter with the powdered sugar on high speed for about 20 minutes. (The more you hit, the better the dough). Then gradually add the flour, baking powder and vanilla and continue beating at lower speed for 10 min. Finally, add the almonds and rum.

Shape round buns in diameter 3 cm. And push with your finger lightly on the top. We put on a cookie sheet, on a baking sheet, and bake in a preheated oven at 170 ° C for 20-30 minutes, depending on their size.

Remove from the oven, leave them to cool thoroughly and pour into a pan full of powdered sugar. We rotate them in the sugar well and transfer them to a serving dish, where they are served as a pyramid, sprinkling each series we put on extra sugar.

You can also watch the video of the recipe.

 

Have a great month, Merry Christmas!

Categories: Christmas
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Have a great month, Merry Christmas!

It is the 1st of December and Christmas celebrations are nearby! In Greece on Christmas and on New Year’s Eve, it is not something strange to see children going from door to door, holding a triangle and a handmade boat decorated with colorful flags. This Christmas boat was filled with cookies and sweets, as a reward for telling the Christmas carols. Nowadays we decorate a Christmas tree but still in the Greek islands, the origin of the Christmas boat, you will see Christmas boats decorated with Christmas lights.

The truth is that the sea characterizes and determines Greek’s life; in the past during the Christmas holidays the Greek sailors returned to their country and homes to celebrate with their families and that’s why the children were making small boats in order to welcome them or as a pray to be safe the sailors that couldn’t return for Christmas.

After all it symbolizes human’s new sail to the life after Christ’s birth.

Have a great month, Merry Christmas!

Oh my sweet spring! Ὤ γλυκύ μου ἔαρ

Categories: Ancient Greek
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Oh my sweet spring! Ὤ γλυκύ μου ἔαρ

Ὤ γλυκύ μου ἔαρ,  γλυκύτατόν μου τέκνον, ποῦ ἔδυ σου τό κάλλος;

 Ὤ φῶς τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν μου, γλυκύτατόν μου τέκνον, πῶς τάφω νῦν καλύπτη;

Θρῆνον συνεκίνει ἡ παναγνός σου μήτηρ, σού Λόγε νεκρωθέντος.

 

Thou art my sweetest Springtime, My sweetest Son, I ask Thee, “Where has Thy beauty faded?

“My sweetest Son, most precious, the Light of mine eyes hidden! How can a tomb conceal Thee?”

When she beheld Thee lifeless, O Word, Thine all-pure Mother cried out in lamentation

 

(Απόσπασμα από τα Εγκώμια της Μεγάλης Παρασκευής. Excerpt from the Lamentations of Good Friday)

Here you can find the complete Lamentations of Good Friday in Greek and in English translation

Εδώ μπορείτε να βρείτε τα Εγκώμια της Μεγάλης Παρασκευής στα ελληνικά και σε αγγλική μετάφραση.

What is the smell of Greece?

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All the countries smell like something! Every country has its own smells, the ones that come out from the houses, the markets, the bars… The ones that somebody could smell when wandering around.

And Greece, what does it smell like?

It smells oregano and basil. Feta. Fruits from the street markets. Food and wine, from the small taverns. It smells greek coffee. If you have a walk near the beach, it smells like sea, fish and ouzo. It smells fresh bread. It smells ciannamon.

When you wander around in a country, you “take a smell” of the way that people live.

What your country smells like?

Greek language and culture summer courses 2014

Categories: greek courses
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The summer courses of Greek language and Culture, organized by Alexandria Institute for 2014, were successfully completed. Students from all around the world, of different ages and interests, shared their passion and love about Greece and Greek language and culture during our programs. In particular students from 21 different countries (Italy, France, Belgium, Germany, Turkey, Sweden, Netherlands, UK, USA, Russia, Switzerland, Spain, Australia, Israel, Poland, Romania, Finland, Norway, Austria, Thailand and Greece) participated. This summer our courses were held in Andros island, in Chios island, in Methoni and Monemvasia. All levels were activated from A1 to C1, as well as the special courses: Ancient Greek language and Greek literature and culture. Our youngest student was 12 years old and the oldest was 74 years old, while in the majority our students were between 40 to 60 years old. Additionally, more than 10 teachers collaborated and their contribution was very significant for the successful completion of the programs. All together we studied, spoke and wrote in Greek, had several educational activities, visited many interesting places, met local people, tasted the local cuisine but most of all we had a complete educational experience and had fun at the same time. We thank all our students and teachers for their participation and we wish them all the best for the new academic year. Looking forward to meeting you soon in our next programs. The schedule of new programs for 2015 will be published soon.You won’t have to wait till next summer! We are planning courses in Athens too, from January onward!

Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014
Greek language and culture summer courses 2014